exotic pet trade facts

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. (2018), Fundamental Welfare Requirements for Wild Animals under Human Care, Wild Welfare (2014), Why vets won’t be watching I’m a celebrity – press release, BVA (2019), Suffering in silence - Uncovering the cruelty of the global trade in Ball pythons. Sold through auctions, backyard breeders, & the illegal online sales. Fact 5: Today, the Internet has become the largest source for the exotic pet trade, and a large number of people are involved in the selling and buying of exotic animals by illegal means. diverse and growing problems of the exotic pet trade. They are highly social and live in groups of up to 12 individuals with a dominant male. The gazelle was another popular pet one would consider exotic in the present day but, to the Egyptians, was quite common. The following is a brief historical review of how some exotic animals gained in popularity. However, only with rapid globalisation in the latter part of the twentieth century, driven by the spread of affordable transportation and more recently by the rapid development of the internet, has this practice transformed into a global profit-driven trade, which now constitutes a significant proportion of the USD $30-42.8 bn global wildlife trade[4]. Owners sometimes release alligators, as well as other exotic pets such as snakes and certain varieties of aquarium fish, when they prove too big, aggressive or otherwise difficult to handle. In November 2019, the British Veterinary Association (BVA) cautioned against purchasing reptiles as pets. By taking a look at the history behind the exotic pet trade, we can create a better understanding of how all of these exotic animals ended up in basements and backyards and how we can work to stop it. Through generations of breeding by humans for thousands of years, they’ve become comfortable in our homes. Dog domestication much older than previously thought. As said before, the wild populations of some exotic pets are severely affected by the pet trade. scarlet macaw, primates) and dangerous wild animals (eg. P.O. A domesticated species is one that has undergone a process of genetic alteration over thousands of years through generations of selective breeding by people, to accentuate particular desired traits. "Exotic" often refers to a species which is not native or indigenous to the owner's locale, and "pet" is a companion animal living with people. ng for snakes: ball python hunting in southern Togo, West Africa. Wildlife trade involves poaching, captive hunting, exotic pets and more. The WWF estimates there are 5,000 tigers being kept in U.S. backyards … there are only around 3,000 left in the wild. There have been dozens of attacks by captive big cats on humans in the past decade. Unfortunately, many consumers remain unaware of the origins of exotic pets, how the exotic pet trade affects wild populations, and how to care for exotic pets. From a toddler's confrontation with a python to a bear named Teddy that was not a toy, these dark animal captivity stories should deter some from keeping an exotic animal as a pet. 2012;59:14–8, [12] Vet Record, Reptile illness is caused by bad husbandry (2018), [13] Why vets won’t be watching I’m a celebrity – press release, BVA (2019). Without their natural environment they suffer. Many animals are captured from their natural habitats and transported to different areas of the world to be sold as exotic pets. Yet, hundreds of thousands of wild animals are suffering right here in the UK, because of the 'exotic pet' trade. In much of India, Indian star tortoises are important as a food source. Exotic Pets The general public do not typically have the expertise, knowledge or resources to meet the complex needs of a captive wild animal. Their home is the wild where they can thrive. It's a $15 billion dollar business in the United States alone, with breeders and dealers selling animals over the Internet or in trade magazines. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Examples include feather-plucking in parrots, pacing or overgrooming in mammals, or, in reptiles, the repetitive interaction with transparent boundaries such as the glass walls of tanks. It’s a way of acknowledging that these pets are really wild animals, without coming clean about it. They are highly intelligent animals that require constant stimulation. Whilst the demand remains, supply will rush to meet it. Even small reptiles, such as turtles can transmit dangerous salmonella bacteria just by touch. To get an idea of the scope of the illegal exotic pet trade, consider this: The illegal trade in wildlife is second only to that of drugs in the United States, according to the U.S. Never miss a beat with MailOnline's latest news for women. Unfortunately, many consumers remain unaware of the origins of exotic pets, how the exotic pet trade affects wild populations, and how to care for exotic pets. Reptiles have no facial expression and minimal ‘body language’ and vocalisation with meaning for humans, so it is difficult for even experienced owners to establish signs of stress, disease or injury. In other cases, these are exotic animals that are in surplus at zoos, etc. For information on how we use your details, and how we keep your details safe, please read our privacy policy. Caring for exotics can be challenging and expensive. Click on the following buttons to learn more about the truth behind the slow loris pet trade. World Animal Protection wildlife experts were at the market to research aspects of wildlife trade. Like dogs and cats, millions of mice, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters, gerbils, reptiles, exotic animals and "pocket" pets are available through humane societies, shelters and rescue groups each year. Read the following FAQs to learn more about the exotic pet trade. Dogs may have been domesticated as early as 27,000-40,000 years ago[1]. Historically, trade in exotic pets has been known to drive the destruction and extinction of animals in the wild. The trade in exotic animals is a multi-billion-dollar-a-year industry. National Humane Education Society. If you'd like to receive our myth-buster emails and hear more about our campaign, just complete your details below. Can we stay in touch? Read here for our advice on the steps you should take to do so. Posted: (9 days ago) Exotic Pets As with other parts of the world, exotic pets remain popular in the United States. The trade in and keeping of exotic pets has been frequently criticized for the commonly inhumane and harmful practices that are associated with supply and keeping, including animal welfare, species conservation, invasiveness, and public health and safety. doi:10.1002/fee.2059. Large, colorful parrots known as Macaws have caused serious injuries to owners. The exotic pet trade is an international enterprise that is responsible for unimaginable, inexcusable,and unforgivable pain, suffering and death. Even when the owner can afford care, that care may be hard to find. Most of these animals are birds and reptiles, which often are more accepted than exotic mammals. Even more staggering is the level of suffering wild animals kept as pets endure. Capturing them from the wild, handling them, transporting t… Would you like to receive updates, newsletters and occasional fundraising emails? The exotic pet trade is an international enterprise that is responsible for despicable, unimaginable, and unforgivable pain, suffering and death. The exotic pet trade undermines valuable conservation efforts in native habitat countries. The exotic animal pet trade has become extremely popular in today’s age. Tropical fish, and all the equipment needed to keep them, became affordable enough for many people in the US in the 1940s. Today, exotic pets are even bigger business and are a main driver of the trade of live animals. Exotic generally refers to a species which is not a native or indigenous to the owner's locale. A survey of vets led by vet Martin Whitehead found that widespread failures in care is making pet reptiles ill[12]. • Never release exotic species into the wild. Raising awareness - most people are unaware of the problems associated with the exotic pet trade and the ownership of wild animals as pets. They are nocturnal, highly vocal and scent mark. Their 2019 voice of the profession survey found that vets reported 49% of reptiles they had seen were not having their five animal welfare needs met[13]. Wild animals suffer unnecessarily as a result of wild capture, captive breeding, interactions with humans and captivity because of the limitations these actions place on their natural behaviour. Find out more and add your name to the pledge today. The exotic animal trade is dangerous for humans as well. Ball python’s have highly specific environmental needs related to temperature, humidity and UVB light that are challenging to meet. It is a topic of great interest to anthrozoologists, conservation psychologists, conservation biologists, and to many others interested in animal protection, and a number of people have asked me to write more on this topic. Exotics are those without a long history of captivity and are likely to have been sourced directly or within a few generations from wild populations. • If you choose an exotic pet, ensure take all precautions to ensure the animal cannot harm humans, himself/herself, or other animals. Though genetically the same as their wild brethren, some exotic pets are bred in captivity for retail sale. Species diversity in trade and keeping. (2018), [9] Born Free and Blue Cross, One Click Away (2015). And pet is a companion animal living with people. Many exotic pets are vulnerable to poor care. Reptile mortality in the first year has been estimated to be as high as 75 per cent[11]. Ball pythons may live 20-30 years in captivity and are frequently sold online as unwanted pets or abandoned. Animals may become aggressive, grow very large, live for a long time or require a licence or paperwork to be legally kept or sold. Sugar gliders are easily disturbed and prolonged stress can make them prone to health problems. They are viewed by the pet trade businesses as money making objects. The exotic pet trade is a lucrative industry renowned for its extreme cruelty and ruthless exploitation of animals kept in the retail or breeding environment. So what about ‘exotic pets’? Commonly misrepresented in the trade as being a ‘beginner’ reptile that is easy to care for; poor husbandry leads to a range of health problems and premature death. Rather than dying off, the non-native or “invasive” pythons thrived in Florida’s tropical climate, successfully reproduced, and went on to prey on birds like egrets, gallinules, and other species that had no defenses against pythons. When kept as pets but many times animals are mass produced by the pet.! International enterprise that is responsible for unimaginable, inexcusable, and millions started being traded across the.. 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